The Big Picture

How is the UK’s food system being affected by global and national changes and challenges?

The wide-reaching consequences of Covid-19 led to a new and sharper focus on food supply chains and public health in 2020. With Brexit on the horizon and climate change increasingly on the political agenda, how will these challenges and opportunities shape the UK’s food system and the health of the population?

We’ll be looking at retail food prices and how the changing geopolitical landscape may affect these, charting the impact of Britain’s new trade deals on fruit and vegetables supply chains, and exploring whether the long-term effects of Covid-19 are changing our eating and buying patterns as citizens.

Finally, with Covid-19 having impacted on health care systems and highlighted pre-existing health inequalities, we’ll look at how population health continues to be impacted as a result of these converging issues.

View our UK Food Tracker in full

UK food and drink exports drop for first time since 2015

A new report published by the Food and Drink Federation (FDF) has revealed that British exports of food and drink fell for the first time since 2015. Compared to the same period last year, exports fell by 13.8% to £9.7Billion. The fall in exports has been linked to the global impact of the Covid-19 pandemic, although Brexit continues to create uncertainty for many producers and exporters. 

A quarter of nutrition professionals report losing work during Covid-19, despite government focus on obesity

Despite the recent launch of the government’s Better Health campaign following on from the Obesity Strategy, a poll conducted by Nutrition Talent has found that a quarter of nutrition professionals reported having lost work during the pandemic.

Nutrition Talent conducted a poll with UK nutrition professionals working in a range of different organisations finding that employment status remained the same as before Covid-19 for only 60% of respondents. A quarter were furloughed, had their hours reduced, found it more difficult to find consultancy work, or were made redundant.

Dr Danielle McCarthy, co-founder of Nutrition Talent noted that qualified registered nutritionists play a key role in helping workplaces, councils, food manufacturers and retailers reach their goals: “We can collectively help our society live more healthily, reducing the risk of many diet-related conditions.”

Frozen food continues to outperform fresh and chilled foods

The latest statistics released by Kantar and the British Frozen Food Federation show that sales of frozen food continue to rise following Covid-19. In the three months following June 8th, sales of frozen food increased by 13.6% with volume up by 9.9%. Frozen food continues to outperform the grocery market (and fresh and chilled categories) as a whole in both value and volume, with the category adding £617 million in sales value in the 52 week period ending September 6th 2020. The figures show that six categories of frozen food have seen double digit growth, including frozen vegetables, fish, and pizza. 

GLOPAN launches second foresight report on food systems

The Global Panel for Agriculture and Nutrition have published their second foresight report, urging action to ensure a higher standard of nutrition for a ‘better tomorrow‘. The evidence-based report offers policy solutions to improve the quality of diets using a food systems approach through promoting availability, accessibility, affordability, desirability, and sustainably, healthy diets for all.

The report estimates that 3 billion people globally are currently unable to afford even the cheapest, locally available healthy diets with 11 million dying from nutrition related chronic diseases every year. With Covid-19 having highlighted the fragility of the food system and pushing millions into food poverty, the report makes a number of suggestions for changing the food system. 

New survey from the British Nutrition Foundation shows children and adults feeling healthier as lockdown restrictions ease

A new survey from the BNF, released as part of Healthy Eating Week 2020, has revealed that 50% of primary school children and 26% of secondary school students say that they feel better or healthier now that they are back at school. 27% of adults report that they feel more healthy since lockdown restrictions were eased (July) compared with the stricter lockdown earlier this year.

This survey follows on from a previous BNF survey in June, and finds that many are still reporting increased snacking and finding solace in ‘comfort foods’ as a response to increased feelings of anxiety. Nearly half (46%) of adults and 43% of secondary school students said that they have consumed more chocolate when feeling tired, stressed, bored or anxious throughout the COVID-19 outbreak, with similar patterns observed for crisps and snacks. Well over a third (35%) of all adults say that they have consumed more alcohol when feeling tired, stressed, bored or anxious during the pandemic. 

Lancet editorial suggests Covid-19 is a syndemic not a pandemic

A comment piece by the Editor of The Lancet, Richard Horton, is calling for acknowledgement of the fact that “we are taking too narrow an approach” to tackling 2020’s Covid-19 outbreak. The piece asks for public health and governments to take a more nuanced approach to dealing with the outbreak, calling the outbreak a syndemic (defined as the interaction of two or more concurrent or sequential epidemics that make one another worse), rather than a straightforward infectious disease pandemic.

The piece argues that within specific populations Covid-19 is interacting with ‘an array of non-communicable diseases’ (NCDs). These conditions are clustering within social groups according to patterns of inequality already embedded in many societies. Tackling health inequities and underlying health conditions such as hypertension and diabetes will therefore need to play a role in controlling Covid-19.           

UK inflation falls during August

This month’s Consumer Price Index (CPI) update shows that the 12-month inflation rate fell to 0.5% in August 2020, down from 1.1% in July 2020. Reduced prices in restaurants as a result of the Eat Out to Help Out Scheme resulted in the largest downward contribution (0.44 %) to the index, with airplane prices also falling. This leaves the 12-month inflation rate at its lowest level since 2015. Food and drink prices also fell compared to this time last year, although August prices were 0.1% up on July. Analysis by the Food Foundation of fruit and vegetable retail prices using CPI data, found that the price of vegetables fell by 1.44% between July and August with fruit prices also slightly down (0.11%). Exceptions included the price of apples and pears which rose by 5% and 11.56% respectively from July to August. The price of tinned tomatoes, which rose during lockdown following shortages caused by soaring demand and supply issues in Italy, fell by 3.77%, – the first fall in price since March. 

Alcohol issues soar during lockdown

The Royal College of Psychiatrists (RCP) is warning that alcohol addiction services might struggle to cope with the ‘soaring numbers’ of people misusing alcohol. They pointed to data finding that in June, more than 8.4m people in England were drinking at higher-risk levels, up from 4.8m in February. While Covid-19 has impacted on alcohol consumption patterns. the RCP also pointed to funding cuts for addiction services as problematic. A spokesperson from the drug, alcohol and mental health charity We Are With You said: “Social isolation and a lack of a human connection is a big factor behind why some people turn to alcohol as a coping mechanism, so clearly the pandemic continues to be really tough for many people. 

Experts warn of decades long impact on child health and nutrition

The Standing Together for Nutrition Research group have warned of far-reaching consequences for children globally due to Covid-19, with those in low and middle income countries at greatest risk. Writing on IFPRI’s blog, the experts call for immediate action to address the escalating problem of child malnutrition triggered by the pandemic. Although child deaths from the virus itself are low compared to older age groups, they warn that the social, economic, and health systems crises caused by Covid-19 pose a real threat to young children’s nutrition, health, and survival.

Early estimates from UNICEF showed that coverage of essential maternal and child nutrition and health services had dropped by roughly 30% on average since the outbreak, with the WFP estimating that 265 million people could be food insecure by the end of the year unless immediate action is taken. The Group are calling for governments to commit to five actions to protect children’s health:

1) Safeguard and promote access to nutritious, safe, and affordable diets

2) Invest in improving maternal and child nutrition through pregnancy, infancy, and early childhood

3) Reactivate and scale-up services for the early detection and treatment of child wasting and maintain and expand other nutrition services

4) Maintain the provision of nutritious and safe school meals for vulnerable children

5) Expand social protection to safeguard access to nutritious diets and essential services